Clinicians are faced with new ideas and must consider information to integrate into their clinical application at a pace that often makes it difficult to implement into clinical practice. The time required to learn the new approaches, to develop the individualized treatment materials, and to implement the new procedures are frequently beyond the scope of already burdened daily schedules. Four models of contrastive phonological intervention will be described, along with video-taped demonstrations. A treatment paradigm will be described for implementing the contrastive phonological intervention approaches. Finally, a Phonological Analysis Summary and Clinical Management tool will be presented that will allow participants to integrate all three components of assessment, target selection, and intervention planning within a single form.
Speech-language pathologist Dr. Lynn Williams is a clinical scientist with interests in models of assessment and intervention of communication disorders in children, and translational research and implementation science. Dr. Williams’ research focus is primarily with children with speech sound disorders, with corollaries of this research interest that address emergent literacy skills for children living in poverty, the impact of communication disabilities on children’s life activities, and social and cultural aspects of communication disorders in children. She is currently the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs in the College of Clinical and Rehabilitative Health Sciences at East Tennessee State University and a Professor in the Department of Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology. As an international expert on intervention for speech sound disorders in children, she has secured $1.5 million in competitive grants; developed resources to facilitate speech-language pathologists’ implementation of intervention (e.g., created the Sound Contrasts in Phonology (SCIP) software program, 2006; 2016), and has a strong track record of over 175 publications (books, book chapters, peer reviewed articles) and presentations. Dr. Williams is a Fellow of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association and is currently serving as ASHA Vice President for Academic Affairs in Speech-Language Pathology (2016-2018).
Dr. Williams will evaluate traditional and phonological approaches to intervention and compare and contrast Homonymous and Non-Homonymous approaches for treatment. She will then design a treatment plan for a case study patient using minimal pairs, maximal oppositions, empty set and multiple oppositions. At the end of the chapter Dr. Williams will review and compare intervention approaches for young children.
In this chapter you will understand intervention approaches addressing phonological awareness/literacy and learn to distinguish various integrated intervention approaches for sound speech disorders. Dr. Williams will compare and contrast different phonetic intervention approaches as well.
In chapter three you will begin to understand the significance of the four phases of phonological intervention and learn how to conduct and analyze contrastive and maximal oppositions assessments as they pertain to children .
In the final chapter of the course, Dr. Williams will compare and contrast the methodology for conducting a comprehensive patient assessment using EBP and PBE. She will also create individualized and comprehensive phonological analysis and management plans by integrating findings from analysis, target selection, and intervention assessments.
This chapter is a discussion about the concepts and interventions presented in the course featuring Dr. Williams and Julie Dunlap from the University of Washington.