presented by Kathy J. Jakielski
This is the second course in a three-course series designed to increase your clinical knowledge and skills in evaluating and treating individuals with speech sound disorders. In this course, you will learn how to analyze a phonetically transcribed speech sample to evaluate the individual’s segmental and suprasegmental skills. Speech-language pathologists frequently complete a thorough analysis of an individual’s speech errors and error patterns, while paying little attention, if any at all, to the individual’s phonetic and suprasegmental inventories—information that often is needed for differential diagnosis and goal setting. We will phonetically transcribe a brief speech sample from a teen with severe speech sound disorder characterized as childhood apraxia of speech, and then analyze his speech to derive his phonetic, error, and suprasegmental inventories. We then will use this information to develop goals for this young man that address all three components of the speech system. We also will apply our knowledge of the three components of the speech system to develop additional goals that we could use with other individuals with speech sound disorders.
Kathy J. Jakielski, Ph.D., CCC-SLP is the Florence C. and Dr. John E. Wertz Professor in Liberal Arts and Sciences at Augustana College in Rock Island, Illinois. She serves as Chair of the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders where she has taught, mentored, and supervised undergraduate students in the classroom, research lab, and clinic for 18 years. Dr. Jakielski has over 30 years of clinical experience working with children, adolescents, and young adults with severe speech sound disorder (SSD), including childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). Her research focuses on genetic bases, differential diagnosis, and intervention efficacy of children with SSD-CAS. She enjoys the challenge of thinking phonetically about severe SSD, and recently published a phonetics-based intervention for children with CAS and is co-authoring a textbook on phonetic science for clinical use. After dreaming most nights about phonetic symbols, teaching the next generation of speech-language pathologists and thinking about CAS is what gets her out of bed in the morning.
In this chapter, we will identify various components of the speech system, including the phonetic inventory, error inventory, suprasegmental inventory, language inventory, and “other findings” inventory. We will discuss the importance of “mining” the data from each of these inventories to be able to develop goals that address each component.
In this chapter, we will discuss how to derive the phonetic inventory from a transcribed speech sample. We will discuss the consonant, vowel, and word shape inventories.
In this chapter, we will discuss how to derive the error inventory from a transcribed speech sample. We will discuss the consonant, vowel, and word shape error inventories.
In this chapter, we will discuss how to derive the suprasegmental inventory from a transcribed speech sample. We will discuss the components of pitch, intonation, stress, rate and loudness.