Understanding Recovery and Evolution of Impairments in the Arm and Hand

presented by Salvador Bondoc

Accreditation Check:

This course explores the process of recovery following a neurological insult typical in strokes or brain injury and how it impacts arm and hand function. Special focus will be given to understanding of spasticity and associated impairment patterns in sensorimotor control and biomechanics of reach and grasp. Such knowledge will provide the clinician the critical foundation during assessment and intervention planning throughout the continuum of recovery.

This is part one of a five-part series covering rehabilitation of the neurologic upper extremity. Be sure to watch:

  • Part 1: Understanding Recovery and Evolution of Impairments in the Arm and Hand
  • Part 2: Evaluation and Outcome Assessment in the Neurological Upper Extremity
  • Part 3: Evidence-Based Interventions for Severe Impairments (Coming Soon)
  • Part 4: Evidence-Based Interventions for Mild-Moderate Impairments (Coming Soon)
  • Part 5: The Hemiplegic Shoulder (Coming Soon)


  • Meet Your Instructor

    • Salvador Bondoc, OTD, OTR/L, BCPR, CHT, FAOTA

      Salvador Bondoc, OTD, OTR/L, BCPR, CHT, FAOTA

      Salvador Bondoc is a tenured professor of occupational therapy and has been a faculty member of Quinnipiac University since 2006. He received his post-professional Doctor of Occupational Therapy from Creighton University in 2004. He has been a practicing occupational therapist since 1995, has held the designation of Certified Hand Therapist since 2001, and has been Board Certified in Physical Rehabilitation, granted by the American Occupational Therapy Association, since 2008. The focus of Dr. Bondoc’s scholarship is in the application and integration of evidence into practice. His practice and scholarly work are in the following broad areas: participation and occupational performance in the well and frail elderly; functional use and motor control of the upper limb following a stroke; and health professions education (Scholarship of Teaching and Learning).

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    Chapters & Learning Objectives

    Download Learning Objectives
    1. Recovery after a Stroke or Brain Injury

      1. Recovery after a Stroke or Brain Injury

      This chapter will cover the process of neurological and functional recovery for persons who have acquired brain injury or stroke and their implications on the rehabilitation process. Dr. Bondoc will also explain the nature of spasticity and its impact on movement, functional recovery, and the development of secondary impairments.

    2. Spasticity and Movement Impairment

      2. Spasticity and Movement Impairment

      This chapter will review neurophysiology of the motor unit and discuss the definition of spasticity and its impact on movement and posture of the arm and hand.

    3. Sensory Impairments

      3. Sensory Impairments

      In this chapter Salvador Bondoc will review the somatosensory system and sub-modalities of somatosensation and describe pain and sensory impairments associated with the neurological UE following brain injury.

More Courses in this Series

Evidence-Based Interventions for Severe Impairments in the Neurological Upper Extremity

Evidence-Based Interventions for Severe Impairments in the Neurological Upper Extremity

presented by Salvador Bondoc

Evidence-Based Interventions for Mild-Moderate Impairments in the Neurological Upper Extremity

Evidence-Based Interventions for Mild-Moderate Impairments in the Neurological Upper Extremity

presented by Salvador Bondoc

The Hemiplegic Shoulder

The Hemiplegic Shoulder

presented by Salvador Bondoc