Top 10 Roadblocks to Natural Development

presented by Nicole Sergent & Lacy Morise

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When children are given the opportunity to move and explore in natural ways, they develop as they should, correct? Often times there are roadblocks that get in the way of natural child development. These roadblocks are sometimes created by adults caring for children and are sometimes biological factors that go undetected. In this lecture, the presenters will identify 10 of the most common roadblocks to early development, provide an educational and research based framework to identify these roadblocks, and share practical strategies to address these needs.

Roadblocks covered in this unique problem/solution based lecture include: lack of tummy time/container use, prolonged use of a bottle/pacifier, media use, undetected gearing and undetected vision loss with special attention to cortical visual impairment (CVI), faulty parental understanding of development, over-parenting, the perfect child, the role of nutrition in development, and missed diagnoses, with a detailed look at Autism. Pediatric therapists play a huge role in early identification of biological and environmental factors that can affect early learning and development. This detail rich course will prepare you for that important role.

Meet Your Instructors

  • Nicole Sergent, MPT

    Nicole Sergent, MPT

    Nicole Sergent, MPT is a pediatric physical therapist living and working in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia. Nicole is an independent contractor for the West Virginia Birth To Three Program (early intervention) working with children aged 0-3 and their families. The combination of skilled rehabilitation with the educational component of coaching families on shaping their child's development, particularly through play, is a passion of Nicole's. Out of this passion, Nicole and colleague Lacy Morise, CCC-SLP formed Milestones & Miracles, LLC and authored and produced 1-2-3 Just Play With Me, a developmental tool pairing development with play. The tool is being used by families and early educators/therapists. Sergent and Morise provide continuing education for those working with young children on the importance of play for the young child and its effect on early development. Nicole also enjoys freelance writing on Milestones & Miracles' blog and for other publications that focus on child development.

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  • Lacy Morise, MS, CCC-SLP

    Lacy Morise, MS, CCC-SLP

    Lacy Morise, MS, CCC/SLP, is a pediatric speech-language pathologist working in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia. Lacy is an independent contractor for the West Virginia Birth To Three Program (early intervention) working with children aged 0-3 and their families. The combination of skilled rehabilitation with the educational component of coaching families on shaping their child's development, particularly through play, is a passion of Lacy's. Out of this passion, Lacy and colleague Nicole Sergent, MPT formed Milestones & Miracles, LLC and authored and produced 1-2-3 Just Play With Me, a developmental tool pairing development with play. The tool is being used by families and early educators/therapists. Morise and Sergent provide continuing education for those working with young children on the importance of play for the young child and its effect on early development.

    Read full bio

Chapters & Learning Objectives

Download Learning Objectives
  1. Container Syndrome and Lack of Tummy Time

    1. Container Syndrome and Lack of Tummy Time

    This chapter will discuss the benefits of prone positioning on early development of multiple systems. The chapter will also cover what current research identifies as benefits of tummy time and translate that information into practical recommendations. The instructors will identify the benefits of free play in multiple positions (prone, side-lying, kneeling, cruising etc) and become familiar with ways to adapt play in these positions to progress motor development. Finally, this chapter will discuss the definitions, potential causes and current research surrounding Plagiocephaly & Torticolis.

  2. Prolonged Sucking

    2. Prolonged Sucking

    This chapter will discuss sucking and prolonged sucking, including why sucking is important for infants and the detrimental effects of prolonged sucking. The chapter will go over ways to encourage earlier transition from a pacifier, bottle or sippy cup.

  3. Media

    3. Media

    This chapter will discuss media and children, including the AAP statement on media viewing by young children and the differences between content and types of media input on the developing brain. The chapter will cover the implications of increased media use on multiple systems and the link between media viewing and ADHD & language development. Upon completion of this chapter, participants will be able to share recommendations and information with parents regarding safe media viewing.

  4. Undetected Hearing and Vision Loss

    4. Undetected Hearing and Vision Loss

    This chapter will cover undetected hearing and vision loss in children, including the different types of hearing and vision loss and possible signs to look for in infants and children. This chapter will cover the hearing and vision loss affect development. Finally, the chapter will provide several examples of vision quadrant loss & link to how this type of loss may present as well as creative strategies to adapt toys, environment, and learning materials to meet needs of the visually impaired child.

  5. Over-parenting, a Faulty Sense of Development and the Perfect Child

    5. Over-parenting, a Faulty Sense of Development and the Perfect Child

    This chapter will define over-parenting and its dangers to children as well as ways to prevent it. The chapter will also cover how children learn and the historical progression of child rearing and how that may influence today's families. Finally, this chapter will present the current research on the affect of parental stress on early development and the largest areas of confusion the area.

  6. Nutrition

    6. Nutrition

    This chapter will cover the effects children’s diets have on their development, including the current research, the differences between food allergies and sensitivities and the symptoms related to an allergic reaction.

  7. Late or Missed Diagnoses

    7. Late or Missed Diagnoses

    This chapter will cover the impact of late or missed diagnosis, specifically why early detection of diagnosis is critical in the first 36 months of a child’s life, the early signs/indicators of autism and how to follow up with concerns about a child they serve.

  8. Patient/Parent Handouts

    8. Patient/Parent Handouts

    This section includes handouts for parents/patients on each of the 10 roadblocks to natural development. These handouts can be used in the clinic as a reference or as educational handouts for your patients' parents.