presented by Cynthia N. Potter
Visual impairments have the potential to dramatically affect how children develop and are able to learn. The course focuses on differences in postural control, gait, and functional skills that can be anticipated as a result of visual impairments. A case study of twins with different types of visual impairments is presented.
Cindy Potter, PT, MS, DPT, has worked with children and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities in many different practice settings, including early intervention, outpatient, preschool, school, community-based settings, and ICF/IDD facilities for 39 years. She earned a BS in biology and English writing from Allegheny College, an MS in health-related professions (developmental disabilities track) from the University of Pittsburgh, and a Doctor of Physical Therapy degree from Slippery Rock University. She is a former associate professor and chair of the Graduate School of Physical Therapy at Slippery Rock University. She currently serves as chairman of the State Board of Physical Therapy in Pennsylvania and is in her third term on the licensure board. She has presented internationally and has published in peer-reviewed journals. With a strong interest in global health, she has served on 20 medical missions and is the president of the non-profit Honduras Hope Mission, Inc.
This chapter describes the impact that visual impairments can have on postural control, posture, and gait. The impact on use of the upper extremities is discussed.
This chapter discusses the holistic design of interventions incorporating the ICF model and factors important for motor learning. It describes strategies for structuring the environment and sensory input for learning.
The examples and case studies in this chapter demonstrate the incorporation of intervention strategies based on the specific visual problems and characteristics of the child. The use of the case study as evidence is described based on Sackett’s hierarchy.