This course provides descriptions of basic concepts such as synaptogenesis and neurogenesis before reviewing current research on potential neuroplasticity and methods of measurement. Dr. Montgomery will also discuss the rationale for task-specific training and the role of aerobic activity in motor control and learning. Finally, critical elements to enhance brain plasticity in pediatric therapy are outlined, and the role of therapists in facilitating different types of motor tasks in varied environments is summarized.
Patricia C. Montgomery, PhD, PT, FAPTA, received a BS degree in physical therapy from the University of Oklahoma and an MA in Educational Psychology and PhD in Child Psychology from the University of Minnesota. Dr. Montgomery is an NDT-trained therapist and Faculty Emeritus of Sensory Integration International. She has taught in several physical therapy programs and is the author of multiple books and articles. Dr. Montgomery has worked in a hospital setting, a NICU, and a public school, and has a pediatric private practice. She is a Fellow of the American Physical Therapy Association and has served on its Board; she is also the past president of the Minnesota chapter of APTA.
In this chapter, a case study of a child with Cerebellar Hypoplasia is presented. The MRI and clinical implications of this diagnosis are reviewed. Progress in attaining gross motor skills is illustrated from early childhood to 15 years of age. This case is an example of neuroplasticity in the central nervous system, which has resulted in the achievement of major motor milestones.
This chapter provides descriptions of basic concepts, such as synaptogenesis and neurogenesis. Brain research regarding the potential for neuroplasticity and methods of brain mapping in animal and human subjects are reviewed. The rationale for task-specific training and the role of aerobic activity in motor control and learning are discussed.
This chapter emphasizes developmental aspects of brain plasticity research with emphasis on recovery of function following CNS pathology in children. The critical elements to enhance brain plasticity in pediatric therapy are outlined, and the role of therapists in facilitating different types of motor tasks in varied environments is summarized.