presented by Kathy J. Jakielski
Speech-language pathologists often find themselves needing to complete a careful phonetic transcription for a particular client with a speech sound disorder; however, SLPs are not always confident in their phonetic skills and knowledge. This is the first course in a three-course series developed to increase your knowledge and skills in areas of clinical practice that are the foundation of effective diagnosis and treatment of individuals with speech sound disorders. In this first course, we will review and apply the basic skills of phonetics, including practicing precursory skills, classifying consonants and vowels, marking suprasegmentals and diacritics, and transcribing typical speech. We also will view a videotape of a teen with childhood apraxia of speech and phonetically transcribe his speech using phonetic symbols and diacritics. If your skills are rusty, then this course will serve to refresh transcription skills, as well as build new knowledge so that you can think phonetically.
Kathy J. Jakielski, Ph.D., CCC-SLP is the Florence C. and Dr. John E. Wertz Professor in Liberal Arts and Sciences at Augustana College in Rock Island, Illinois. She serves as Chair of the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders where she has taught, mentored, and supervised undergraduate students in the classroom, research lab, and clinic for 18 years. Dr. Jakielski has over 30 years of clinical experience working with children, adolescents, and young adults with severe speech sound disorder (SSD), including childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). Her research focuses on genetic bases, differential diagnosis, and intervention efficacy of children with SSD-CAS. She enjoys the challenge of thinking phonetically about severe SSD, and recently published a phonetics-based intervention for children with CAS and is co-authoring a textbook on phonetic science for clinical use. After dreaming most nights about phonetic symbols, teaching the next generation of speech-language pathologists and thinking about CAS is what gets her out of bed in the morning.
In this chapter, we will practice the precursory skills that underlie accurate phonetic transcription. We will focus on identifying speech sounds, as opposed to letters, that make up words. We then will apply that knowledge to determine the phonotactic structure of basic and complex words.
In this chapter, we will review the categories for consonants and vowels as specified in the International Phonetic Alphabet. We will discuss consonantal place, manner, and voicing, and vowel tongue positions and lip rounding.
In this chapter, we will review two components of the suprasegmental system: stress and syllabicity. We will practice identifying lexical, grammatical, and contrastive stress in words. We also will review diacritical marks commonly used to capture articulatory detail in typical and disordered speech
In this chapter, we will practice phonetically transcribing a typical speech sample using broad phonetic symbols and syllable and stress markings. We also will phonetically transcribe a teen’s disordered speech using broad phonetic symbols and narrow diacritics for syllables, stress, and articulatory detail.