1. The Physiological Evidence of Prolonged Stress
Initially, this chapter will review the types and sources of stress, ranging from fears to habitual behavior patterns leading to distress. Then the physiological reaction to stress will be explained, including the conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA), the resulting neuro-inflammatory sensitization to adversity, and the subsequent risks of health problems and secondary risks.
2. Keys to Recognizing the Sources and Symptoms of Stress
This chapter will provide research-based information on how to recognize the sources of stress as well as how to understand the strongest predictors of caregiver burden. Then the emotional and physical symptoms of caregiver stress will be reviewed to help identify reactions in people that are the result of their internal stress levels. Case studies will be shared from a variety of caregivers across the continuum of backgrounds and settings.
3. Why the Management of Stress Is Critical for the Caregiver and for the Client’s Clinical Outcome
This chapter addresses the significance of the caregiver’s mental and physical health, including why the caregiver's health status is so important to the care of the patient/client. This applies to all caregivers, from unpaid family members to the paid professionals who provide care in a clinical or school setting. Examples will be shared to support the points of this chapter.
4. Tools and Resources to Support the Caregiver and Client
Initially, this chapter will address some of the frequent secondary components of stress, such as depression and anxiety, as well as the types of help available for these conditions. Then multiple types and levels of support strategies for stress management will be shared, including practical strategies and the rationales of how each one can be effective. Recommendations will range from technology-based interventions to instrumental, emotional, and informational support strategies.