1. Physical Assessment Part One: Head, Eyes, Ears, Nose, Mouth, Throat, Lungs, and Upper Extremities
Performing a thorough physical assessment of the older adult is imperative to ward off complications and provide interventions that improve quality of life. Having a basic knowledge of common chronic illnesses and age-related changes also plays an essential role in the physical exam. This chapter will provide a demonstration of how to give an assessment of the top half of the body, including head, eyes, ears, nose, mouth, throat, lungs, and upper extremities of the older adult. Common age-related factors and chronic illness related to each body system will also be mentioned to help the nurse differentiate normal from abnormal findings in order to provide appropriate interventions.