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Pain Peculiarities in Everyday Life

presented by Adriaan Louw, PT, PhD

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Disclosure Statement:

Financial: Adriaan Louw receives compensation from MedBridge for this course. Adriaan Louw has no competing financial interests or relationships with regard to the content presented in this course.


 Non-Financial: Adriaan Louw has no competing non-financial interests or relationships with regard to the content presented in this course.

Satisfactory completion requirements: All disciplines must complete learning assessments to be awarded credit, no minimum score required unless otherwise specified within the course.

MedBridge is committed to accessibility for all of our subscribers. If you are in need of a disability-related accommodation, please contact [email protected]. We will process requests for reasonable accommodation and will provide reasonable accommodations where appropriate, in a prompt and efficient manner.

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Pain is a normal part of human existence: everyone experiences it, but not everyone experiences it in the same way. An individual's age, job situation, personality, and socioeconomic status shape their pain experience and can have a significant impact their prognosis and treatment. This course will explore the bio-psycho-social aspects of pain, with particular attention given to kids and pain, work and pain, personality and pain, and socioeconomic status and pain. The course will also answer the question of "So what?," offering clinical applications for each of these factors. Getting a handle on pain peculiarities will equip therapists to point their treatment plans in a direction that fosters meaningful change in the lives of their patients.

Meet Your Instructor

Adriaan Louw, PT, PhD

Adriaan earned his undergraduate, master's degree and PhD in physiotherapy from the University of Stellenbosch in Cape Town, South Africa. He is an adjunct faculty member at St. Ambrose University and the University of Nevada Las Vegas, teaching pain science. Adriaan has taught throughout the US and internationally for 25 years at numerous national and…

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Chapters & Learning Objectives

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1. Kids and Pain

The experiences children have from a very early age can influence the degree to which pain impacts their lives in the future. Participation in contact sports, circumcision, and NICU needle pricks in babies have all been shown to impact pain later in life. Therapists need to be aware of the impact of such events in order to maximize the impact of their interactions with kids in pain and the parents that care for them.

2. Work and Pain

Patients in pain often are removed from their work, and once removed, return is not guaranteed. Several factors predict chronic pain and disability among workers. This chapter explores the strong and moderate predictors of chronicity and challenges therapists to apply TNE preemptively in industry to minimize the impact of pain-related absenteeism and disability in the workplace.

3. Personality and Pain

What makes some people resilient in the face of pain, while others seem to fold in on themselves, allowing pain to govern every aspect of life? Personality characteristics have been shown to have strong correlations to pain experiences. This chapter explores depression, neuroticism, anxiety, coping strategies, and catastrophization. Opportunities for screening and education are introduced as possible mediators to the personality traits that predispose individuals to chronicity.

4. Socioeconomic Factors and Pain

Socioeconomic disadvantage (SED) increases the risk of pain. Coping strategies, ethnicity, occupational factors, and other factors influence individual pain experiences. This chapter explores those factors, as well as suggesting options for clinicians to work within those constraints or to remove barriers where possible.

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