2. Types of Elder Abuse: Recognition and Reporting
All health professionals need to recognize common signs and symptoms of elder abuse and mistreatment. This chapter describes various types of elder abuse as defined by Hwalek-Sengstock, identifying increasing levels of violence and harm, from neglect to direct physical abuse. Particular emphasis is placed on recognizing red flags associated with each type of abuse. The phenomenon of self-neglect among older adults is also discussed. Mechanisms for reporting are described.