1. Prevalence of Psychosocial Issues for Health Care Workers
In this segment we will outline the research findings about the levels of mental health distress among health care workers. The purpose is to help participants understand the severity and impact of COVID-19 care on the mental health of health care workers. Findings include that females are disproportionately affected and that nurses are more affected than physicians because of their more intense exposure.
2. The Mental Health Stresses on Health Care Workers
We will explain the different mental health reactions that health care workers have to the unprecedented demands that COVID-19 care has placed on them. Reactions include fatigue, depression, insomnia, emotional distress, and reduced resilience.
3. Identifying Mental Health Interventions for Health Care Workers
Interventions that have shown positive effects on lowering stress include both personal support and organizational efforts to be proactive. Personal support includes attention to each staff member’s performance and noting when someone is having difficulty. Group activities, clear information and expectations, attention to practical realities (such as enough protective equipment), and training and organizational support all play an important role in mitigating the effects of health workers’ stress.
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