1. The Pathophysiology Of A COPD Exacerbation In The Aging Client
The anticipated restrictive changes in pulmonary function as result of aging can compound a patient’s ability to recover from a COPD exacerbation due to the often mixed Type 1 and 2 components that are acutely present as well as those that are due to their chronic illness. Type 2 respiratory failure is a result of increased concentrations of CO2 in the blood, hypercapnia, which leads to reduced oxygenation. The cumulative effects of the restrictive pulmonary changes as a result of age and those related to a COPD exacerbation can dually impair a patient’s ability to recover their ability to adequately oxygenate during progressive activity.