4. A Framework for Examination for Differential Diagnosis in Aging Adults
This chapter considers signs and symptoms in the aging adult that are within the scope of physical therapist practice and those that warrant further communication with other healthcare professionals. Examination components in the patient history/interviewing that feed into the clinical decision-making process are discussed: diagnostic interviewing, systems review, pain patterns, and associated signs and symptoms. Screening strategies during the physical examination, including upper quarter screening, lower quarter screening, and movement screening will be presented.