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Exercise-Associated Muscle Cramps

presented by Susan Yeargin, PhD, ATC

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Disclosure Statement:

Financial: Susan Yeargin receives compensation from MedBridge for this course. There is no financial interest beyond the production of this course.

Non-Financial: Susan Yeargin serves on the Korey Stringer Institute Medial Advisory Board, and is an associate professor at the University of South Carolina Department of Athletic Training.

Satisfactory completion requirements: All disciplines must complete learning assessments to be awarded credit, no minimum score required unless otherwise specified within the course.

MedBridge is committed to accessibility for all of our subscribers. If you are in need of a disability-related accommodation, please contact [email protected]. We will process requests for reasonable accommodation and will provide reasonable accommodations where appropriate, in a prompt and efficient manner.

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Video Runtime: 95 Minutes, Learning Assessments: 34 Minutes

This course will describe the most common etiologic theories attributed to exercise-associated muscle cramps (EAMC) in active populations. Classic signs and symptoms will be reviewed, as well as key signs that can aid in differential diagnosis from similar conditions. Treatments for EAMC are constantly coming and going, leaving a knowledge gap of how to determine which have the potential to be effective. The methods and results of various research examining EAMC will be highlighted, and recommendations to translate the results into treatment strategies provided. Both traditional and nontraditional treatments will be discussed. The framework of how to develop an individualized plan of care for active populations with a history of EAMC will be presented.

Meet Your Instructor

Susan Yeargin, PhD, ATC

Susan Yeargin is an associate professor of athletic training at the University of South Carolina. She serves on NATA’s Pronouncements and Research committees. She was a task force member and author of the "Preseason Heat-Acclimatization Guidelines for Secondary School Athletics" and a coauthor of the recent NATA position statement update on exertional heat illnesses. She…

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Chapters & Learning Objectives

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1. Etiology

In this chapter, the instructor reviews the most commonly cited theories of EAMC etiology in research. Research that supports each theory is provided. Understanding possible etiologies of EAMC provides the support to using traditional and nontraditional (emerging) treatment strategies.

2. Epidemiology

Research from athlete and military populations that relates to each etiologic theory is presented. Risk factors that can be identified from the results will be selected, and the most likely clinical scenario for EAMC will be discussed.

3. Recognition

In this chapter, the instructor reviews typical signs and symptoms of EAMC, and important signs that differentiate EAMC from similar conditions (e.g., exertional sickling).

4. Traditional Treatment and Prevention

Traditional treatments (e.g., stretching) and prevention strategies recommended in a consensus statement for EAMC are reviewed, with research support. Determination of when advanced medical care may be needed for EAMC is presented. Intravenous and oral hydration in the treatment of EAMC are compared.

5. Nontraditional Treatment and Prevention

Nontraditional, or emerging, treatments and prevention strategies for EAMC will be introduced, with research support if it exists. The foundation of how to develop an individualized plan of care for individuals with a history of EAMC using traditional and nontraditional treatments and prevention strategies is provided.

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Differentiating Exertional Heat Exhaustion and Exertional Heat Stroke

Presented by Susan Yeargin, PhD, ATC

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Video Runtime: 63 Minutes, Learning Assessments: 40 Minutes

The course describes the etiologies attributed to exertional heat exhaustion and exertional heat stroke in active populations. Exertional heat stroke is commonly mistaken for heat exhaustion during evaluation. This course will compare and contrast exertional heat exhaustion and exertional heat stroke signs and symptoms to improve differential diagnosis. Treatment of exertional heat exhaustion and exertional heat stroke can be done on site, and the framework of treatment plan procedures for both conditions is built for active populations. A comparison of oral versus intravenous fluid administration for heat exhaustion patients is presented, and developing a detailed ice water immersion plan for heat stroke patients, with research support, is discussed.

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Exertional Heat Illness: Advanced Analysis of Extrinsic Risk Factors

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Research on EHI has been increasing over the last decade, but a gap of how to translate results to prevention strategies and policies may exist. Research evaluating common predisposing factors will be reviewed to develop focused prevention strategies for EHI in active populations. Constructing the framework of prevention policies for EHI is provided throughout the course. Extrinsic risk factors within the categories of organizational and environmental factors will be covered in this course.

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Exertional Heat Illness: Advanced Analysis of Intrinsic Risk Factors

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Exertional Heat Illness: Advanced Analysis of Intrinsic Risk Factors

Subscribe now, and access clinical education and patient education—anytime, anywhere—with video instruction from recognized industry experts.
Video Runtime: 52 Minutes, Learning Assessments: 37 Minutes

Research on exertional heat illness (EHI) has been increasing over the last decade, but a gap in how to translate results to prevention strategies and policies may exist. Research evaluating common predisposing factors will be reviewed to develop focused prevention strategies for EHI in active populations. Constructing the framework of prevention policies for EHI is provided throughout the course. Only inherent and underlying intrinsic risk factors will be covered in this course.

View full course details

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