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Early Motor Development in Down Syndrome: Part 2

presented by Kathy Martin, PT, DHSc

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Satisfactory completion requirements: All disciplines must complete learning assessments to be awarded credit, no minimum score required unless otherwise specified within the course.

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Children with Down syndrome have known gross motor delays. A key role of early intervention programs is educating parents on how to foster motor development for their child. Current understanding of how typically developing children acquire new skills will be used to identify strategies to teach parents to optimize motor learning and the practice of new skills for their child with Down syndrome. These concepts will also be related back to the ideal role of a pediatric physical therapist in the early intervention setting.

Meet Your Instructor

Kathy Martin, PT, DHSc

Dr. Martin received a BA in Athletic Training from Purdue University in 1987, an MS in Physical Therapy from the University of Indianapolis in 1990, and a Doctor of Health Science from the University of Indianapolis in 2003. She joined the faculty of the Krannert School of Physical Therapy at the University of Indianapolis in…

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Chapters & Learning Objectives

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1. Motor Learning Theory and Early Intervention

This chapter will review several contemporary motor learning theories and apply them to early motor development for infants and toddlers. Current data on motor skill acquisition of typically developing infants and toddlers will be reviewed with an emphasis on its relevance for early intervention for children with Down syndrome.

2. Best Practices in Early Intervention

This chapter will briefly review the federal law (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) mandating early intervention programs. The focus of early intervention compared to traditional physical therapy will be explored. These concepts will then be applied to best practice in early intervention for children with Down syndrome.

3. Strategies for Parents to Enhance Motor Development

This chapter will build on the 2 previous chapters and provide examples of how to put the presented ideas into practice. Specific examples will be provided to show how common play activities in the home can be adapted to focus more on dynamic motor skill practice.

More Courses in this Series

Early Motor Development in Down Syndrome: Part 1

Presented by Kathy Martin, PT, DHSc

Early Motor Development in Down Syndrome: Part 1

Subscribe now, and access clinical education and patient education—anytime, anywhere—with video instruction from recognized industry experts.

Children with Down syndrome have known gross motor delays. The neuromuscular and musculoskeletal factors that contribute to these delays will be reviewed in addition to discussing peer-reviewed literature that has become the gold standard for predicting when children with Down syndrome will acquire specific motor milestones. Suggestions will be offered for using this data to help educate parents about realistic expectations for motor development for their child.

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Medical Surveillance Guidelines for Down Syndrome

Presented by Kathy Martin, PT, DHSc

Medical Surveillance Guidelines for Down Syndrome

Subscribe now, and access clinical education and patient education—anytime, anywhere—with video instruction from recognized industry experts.

Individuals with Down syndrome may have multiple medical comorbidities that may potentially affect any system in the body. This course will provide a brief overview of common medical issues in children with Down syndrome. Appropriate questions for conducting a systems review will be discussed along with red flags that would warrant a referral to a physician. The American Academy of Pediatrics' guidelines for health supervision of infants and young children will also be reviewed.

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Orthotic Intervention for Hypotonia in Children With Down Syndrome

Presented by Kathy Martin, PT, DHSc

Orthotic Intervention for Hypotonia in Children With Down Syndrome

Subscribe now, and access clinical education and patient education—anytime, anywhere—with video instruction from recognized industry experts.

Children with hypotonia often experience gross motor delays and excessive foot pronation. This course will review the variety of orthotic options available for hypotonia-related over-pronation, ranging from simple foot orthoses to custom made supramalleolar orthoses. Evidence from the peer-reviewed literature about the efficacy of these orthoses will be reviewed to summarize what is currently known and identify the gaps in our understanding that still exist.

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