5. Comorbidity Pain and Disability Drivers
It is well described that comorbidities, sleep hygiene, and severe mental health illness are responsible for mediating health outcomes or worsening outcomes. These factors may influence both pain and disability. Conditions such as osteoarthritis are expected to continue to rise with an increasingly obese, sedentary, and aging population. Standard measurement of these factors should be as principal in a clinical examination as measuring vital signs. In this chapter, we describe key associative examination methods for each.