4. Bone Infection
Osteomyelitis, or bone infection, can occur as the result of multiple conditions, including fracture, orthopedic surgery, and pressure ulcers. It can become evident days to months after any of the precipitating events, and can quickly become a critical situation. It is not unusual for osteomyelitis to be diagnosed during the rehabilitation stage of treatment. This chapter will review the causes, signs and symptoms of osteomyelitis, as well as diagnostic tests and treatment. The role of the rehabilitation nurse in assessment, identification of signs and symptoms, and treatment will be included.